One of the many countries in Latin America that is most interesting to visit would be Brazil and Venezuela. Also what would be the most interesting reason to visit Brazil and Venezuela would be their physical features. Like the Amazon forest, and Amazon River, or Pico Espejoe (the greatest mountain), and The Interior Savannahs. One of two major languages spoken would be Spanish and Portuguese. Brazil’s government is called a Democratic Republic, while, Venezuela is a Federal Republic form of government. One of their many natural resources that make those countries so interesting is: iron ore, tin, timber forests and coopers for Brazil. Venezuela, on the other hand, contains: natural gas, gold, bauxite, diamonds, hydropower, and petroleum. All of those reasons make up why Venezuela and Brazil are so interesting to travel to.
Venezuela and Brazil are located near the equator and is partially located at the southern hemisphere. The picture (Example Picture #1) is highlighted in red to show the location of the two countries. Also what would be a good thing to mention would be about both countries’ climate. Brazil’s climate is thought more as a tropical climate. Most of Brazil is covered in rain forests, and villages surrounded by deciduous forests. Tropical may be cold from time to time. But, is actually a nice temperature to stop you from sweating. On the other hand, Venezuela is a very hot country. As you can see, the picture (above) shows that equator Venezuela is just on top of the. That shows why Venezuela is a hot country. We again know our natural resources. Coopers, timber forests and iron ore are for Brazil, while Venezuela has natural gas, gold, and diamonds. Brazil has exactly 56 per sq. mi. of population density. A pretty big percent you may think. But, Venezuela has 76 per sq. mi. of population density.
Some agriculture locations in Venezuela would be, for example, the argillaceous grounds, or the humíferos grounds. Unfortunately, Venezuela’s industry locations bring back a lot of history. So I’ll try staying on topic. One of the industrial regions in Venezuela would be the CVG the country’s most prominent regional development corporation and the major player in mining, increasingly entered into joint ventures with foreign companies by the 1990’s, when for the first time the CVG agreed to accept a minority share in some ventures. Now, let’s talk a little bit about Brazil more, shall we? Central Brazil contains substantial areas of grassland with only scattered trees.
Mexico is known to have the population of 107,000,000 people, Venezuela contains 26,700,000 people, Brazil holds up to 184,200,000 people, and Cuba has about 11,300,000 people. Now we can compare those populations to the whole Latin America (which contains about 545 million people).
Mexico contains 107/545 of Latin America’s population.
Venezuela contains 27/545 of Latin America’s population.
Brazil has 184/545 of a fraction of Latin America’s population.
But, Cuba contains 11/545 of Latin America’s population. (Numbers on the picture [below] represent one million)
If we would transform the country’s population into decimals, the numbers would be as following.
The way I found out the decimal of these countries, I divided the numerator of each country by the denominator.
In order for me to convert the decimal into a percentage of these country’s populations, I multiply the decimals by 100. The result is as followed.
Cuba–2% I will round these percentages to the nearest whole number in my circle graph. (Example: Picture #1)
Reasons why the Amazon Rainforest stabilizes the climate. Rainforests help stabilize the world’s climate by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is believed to contribute to climate change through global warming. Therefore rainforests are important in addressing global warming (Example: picture #2).
Rainforests provide a home for plants and wildlife. Rainforests are home to a large number of the world’s plant and animals species, including many endangered species. As forests are cut down, many species are doomed to extinction. Some rainforest species can only survive in their natural habitat. Zoos cannot save all animals (Example: Picture #3).
Rainforests help maintain the water cycle. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, “the water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth.” The role of rainforests in the water cycle is to add water to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration (where they release water from their leaves during photosynthesis). This moisture contributes to the formation of rain clouds which release the water back on the rainforest. In the Amazon, 50-80% of moisture remains in the ecosystem’s water cycle. When the forests are cut down, less moisture is goes into the atmosphere and rainfall declines and sometimes leads to drought. (Example: Picture #4)
Rainforests reduce erosion. The roots of rainforest trees and vegetation help anchor the soil. When trees are cut down there is no longer anything to protect the ground and soils are quickly washed away with rain. The process of washing away of soil is known as erosion. As soil is washed down into rivers it causes problems for fish and people. Fish suffer because water becomes clouded, while people have trouble navigating waterways that are shallower because of the increased amount of dirt in the water. Meanwhile farmers lose topsoil that is important for growing crops. (Example: Picture #5)
The role of poverty in deforestation. Poverty plays a major role in deforestation. The world’s rainforests are found in the poorest areas on the planet. The people who live in and around rainforests rely on these ecosystems for their survival. They collect fruit and wood, hunt wildlife to put meat on the table, and are paid by companies that extract resources from forest lands. Most rural poor never have the options that we in Western countries take for granted. These people almost never have a choice to go to college or become a doctor, factory worker, or secretary. They must live off the land that surrounds them and make use of whatever resources they can find. Their poverty costs the entire world through the loss of the tropical rainforests and wildlife. Without providing for these people rainforests cannot be saved.
Agriculture in the rainforest. Every year thousands of miles of rainforest are destroyed for agricultural use. The two main groups responsible for converting rainforest into farmland are poor farmers and corporations, Poor farmers in many parts of the world rely on clearing rainforest to feed their families. Without access to better agricultural lands, these people use slash-and-burn to clear patches of forest for short-term periods of time. Typically, they farm the cleared land for a couple of years before the soil are exhausted of nutrients and they must move on to new patch of forest. Agricultural companies are clearing more rainforest than ever before, especially in the Amazon where large tracts of rainforest are being converted into soybean farms. Some experts believe that South America will someday have an area of farmland that rivals that of the American Midwest. Much of this farmland will come at the expense of the Amazon rainforest.
Saving rainforests through education. Education is a critical part of saving the world’s rainforests. People must see the beauty and understand the importance of these forests so they will want to protect them. Environmental education should occur both in western countries like the United States and in countries that have rainforest like Bolivia and Madagascar. In the United States, people need to understand their role in the loss of rainforests. For example, buying certain products like mahogany contributes to the cutting down of rainforests in other countries. If we as Americans make an effort to learn about the environment we can understand what we’re losing as rainforest disappears. We can also make decisions to buy products and support companies and organizations that help the rainforest. In rainforest countries local people sometimes do not know why forests are important. Through educational programs these people can learn that forests provide key services (like clean water) and are home to plants and animals found nowhere else in the world. Few children in a place like Madagascar know that lemurs are not found in America. They are quite happy when they learn that lemurs only live in Madagascar.
Rehabilitate and restore rainforests. In trying to protect rainforests we need to also look at how damaged forests can be brought back to health. While it is impossible to replant a rainforest, some rainforests can recover after they have been cut down — especially if they have some help through the planting of trees. In some cases it is also possible to use deforested lands for improved forms of agriculture so they can provide food for people living nearby. When these people have food they will not need to cut down more forest to plant crops. One promising area of research looks at ancient societies that lived in the Amazon rainforest before the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century. Apparently these populations were able to enrich the rainforest soil, which is usually quite poor, using charcoal and animal bones. By improving soil quality, large areas of the Amazon that have been deforested could be used to support agriculture. This could help reduce pressure on rainforest areas for agricultural land. Further, the “terra preta” soil as it’s called could be used to help fight global warming since it absorbs carbon dioxide, an important greenhouse gas.
As you can see, you can find many amazing things about Latin America or the Caribbean for that matter. All the wonderful and exquisite things I have just stated will help you figure out what needed to be figured in the first place. It will also, kind of give you a heads up on what you might need to know. Like the population Latin America, or the special environmental reasons why rainforest destruction is so important in both nature and human’s ways. Hope that you have acknowledged the better understanding of Latin America and the Caribbean’s natural resources, industrial regions, agriculture regions, and their role of government. I might recommend you, that you can’t find any other brochure to give you this much valid information about Latin America and the Caribbean. Unfortunately, our educational journey into Latin America and the Caribbean is over. So, we have concluded, that Latin America and the Caribbean can be, by far, one of the greatest places to travel and site-see.